Ancient Japan

Bibliography of Sources


   The following bibliography is not meant as an exhaustive bibliography or even one that is appropriate for early college work or high school work; it is simply meant to catalog the sources that were used in compiling the text and interactive work in the module, "Ancient Japan." Some sources, particularly primary sources, are excellent for further research; other sources, particularly the secondary sources, might be too limited except for advanced undergraduates, graduates, and teachers.

History

Primary Sources

Aston, W.G., tr., Nihongi: Chronicles of Japan from the Earliest Times to A.D. 697 Transactions and Proceedings of the Japan Society, London, Supplement 1 (London: Kegan, Paul, Trench, Trübner & Co., 1896) 2 vols.

Bock, Felicia G., ed., tr., Engi-Shiki: Procedures of the Engi Era, Books I-V (Tokyo: Sophia University, 1970)

Chamberlain, Basil Hall, Translation of the Kojiki or "Record of Ancient Matters'

Philippi, Donald L., tr., Kojiki (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1969)

Tsunoda, Rusaku, Wm. Theodore de Bary, and Donald Keene, Sources of Japanese Tradition (New York: Columbia University Press, 1958)

Secondary Sources

Aikens, C. Melvin and Takayama Higuchi, Prehistory of Japan (New York: Academic Press, 1982)

Beardsley, Richard K., "Japan Before History: A Survey of the Archaeological Record," Far Eastern Quarterly 19 (1955)

Gard, Richard A., Buddhist Influence on the Political Thought and Institutions of India and Japan (Claremont: 1949)

Groot, Gerald J., The Prehistory of Japan (New York: Columbia University Press, 1951)

Hall, John Whitney, Japan: From Prehistory to Modern Times (Rutland, VT: Charles E. Tuttle, 1973)

Harrison, John A., ed., New Light on Early and Medieval Japanese Historiography (Gainesville: University of Florida Press, 1959)

Hurst, G. Cameron, "The Reign of Go-Sanjo and the Revival of Imperial Power," Monumenta Nipponica 27 (1972): 65-83

Kidder, J. Edward, Japan Before Buddhism (London: Thames and Hudson, 1959)

Kidder, J. Edward, "Reconsideration of the "Pre-Pottery" Culture of Japan," Artibus Asiae 17 (1954): 135-143

Kitigawa, Joseph M., Religion in Japanese History (New York: Columbia University Press, 1966)

Kitigawa, Joseph M., "The Shadow of the Sun: A Glimpse of the Fujiwara and the Imperial Families in Japan," in Understanding Japanese Religion (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1987), pp. 98-116

Pearson, Richard, Ancient Japan (New York: Braziller, 1992)

Sansom, George B., A History of Japan to 1334 (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1958)

Sansom, George B., Japan: A Short Cultural History (London: Cresset Press, 1931)

Tsunoda, Ryusaku and L. C. Goodrich, Japan in the Chinese Dynastic Histories (1951)

Waida, Manabu, "Sacred Kingship in Early Japan: A Historical Introduction," History of Religions 15 (1976)

Wheatley, Paul and Thomas See, Fr Court to Capital: A Tentative Interpretation of the Origins of the Japanese Urban Tradition (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1978)



Religion

Primary Sources

Hakeda, Yoshito S., tr., Kukai: Major Works (New York: Columbia University Press, 1972)

Philippi, Donald L., tr., Norito (Tokyo: 1959)

Philippi, Donald L., "Songs on the Buddha's Footprints," Nihonbunka-Kenkyujo-kiyo 2 (1958)

Suzuki, Beatrice Lane, "Poems by Kobo-daishi," The Eastern Buddhist 5 (1931)

Tsunoda, Rusaku, Wm. Theodore de Bary, and Donald Keene, Sources of Japanese Tradition (New York: Columbia University Press, 1958)

Secondary Sources

Anesaki, Masaharu, History of Japanese Religion (Rutland, VT: Charles E. Tuttle, 1963; Original edition, Tokyo, 1933)

Bunce, Willliam K., Religions in Japan: Buddhism, Shinto, Christianity (Rutland, VT: Charles E. Tuttle, 1955)

de Visser, M. W., Ancient Buddhism in Japan (Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1935)

Gard, Richard A., Buddhist Influence on the Political Thought and Institutions of India and Japan (Claremont: 1949)

Holtom, Daniel C., "The Meaning of Kami," Monumenta Nipponica 3 (1940): 1-27

Holtom, Daniel C., The National Faith of Japan (New York: 1938)

Hori, Ichiro, "On the Concept of the Hijiri," Numen 5 (1958): 128-160, 199-232

Kamstra, Jacques H., Encounter or Syncretism: The Initial Growth of Japanese Buddhism (Leiden: Brill, 1967)

Kitigawa, Joseph M., "Kukai as Master and Savior, " The Biographical Process , ed. Frank E. Reynolds and Donald Capps (The Hague: Mouton, 1976), pp. 319-341

Kitagawa, Joseph M., On Understanding Japanese Religion (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1987)

Kitigawa, Joseph M., Religion in Japanese History (New York: Columbia University Press, 1966)

Kiyota, Minoru, Shingon Buddhism: Theory and Practice (Los Angeles and Tokyo: Buddhist Books International, 1978)

Kiyota, Minoru, "The Structure and Meaning of Tendai Thought," Transactions of the International Conference of Orientalists in Japan 5 (1960): 69-83

Kuroda, Toshio, "Shinto in the History of Japanese Religion," tr. James C. Dobbins and Suzanne Gay, Journal of Japanese Studies 7 (1981): 1-21

Muraoka, Tsunetsugu, Studies in Shinto Thought , tr. Delmer R. Brown and James T. Araki (Tokyo: Ministry of Education, 1964)

Robinson, Richard H., The Buddhist Religion: A Historical Introduction (Belmont, CA: Dickenson, 1970)

Sokichi, Tsuda, "The Idea of Kami in Ancient Japanese Classics," T'oung Pao 52 (1966)

Takakasu, Janjiro, The Essentials of Buddhist Philosophy , ed. Wing-tsit Chan and Charles A. Moore (Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 1947)

Weinstein, Stanley, "The Beginnings of Esoteric Buddhism in Japan: The Neglected Tendai Tradition," Journal of Asian Studies 34 (1974): 177-191



Women

Primary Sources

Bowring, Richard, tr., Murasaki Shikibu: Her Diary and Poetic Memoirs, A Translation and Study (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1982)

Brewster, Jennifer, tr., The Emperor Horikawa Diary (Honolulu: The University Press of Hawaii, 1977)

Cranston, Edwin A., The Izumi Shikibu Diary (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1969)

Fischer, Felice, The Collected Poems of Ono no Komachi (Master's thesis, Columbia University, 1967)

McCullough, William H., and Helen Craig McCullough, A Tale of Flowering Fortunes: Annals of Japanese Aristocratic Life in the Heian Period 2 vols. (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1980)

Morris, Ivan, tr., The Pillow Book of Sei Shonagon (New York: Columbia University Press, 1967) 2 vols.

Secondary Sources

Cranston, Edwin A., "Izumi Shikibu," Kodansha Encyclopedia of Japan

Fischer, Felice, Ono no Komachi: A Ninth Century Poetess of Heian Japan (Ann Arbor, MI: University Microfilms, 1972)

Ide, S., "Japanese Sociolinguistics: Politeness and Women's Language," Lingua 57 (1982): 357-86

McCullough, William, "Japanese Marriage Institutions in the Heian Period," Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies (1967) 103-167

Morris, Ivan, The World of the Shining Prince (Baltimore: Penguin Books, 1969)

Mulhern, Chieko, Heroic with Grace: Legendary Women of Japan (Armonk, NY: M. E. Sharpe, 1991)

Mulhern, Chieko I., ed., Japanese Women Writers: A Bio-critical Sourcebook (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1994)

Vos, Frits, A Study of the Ise-monogatari (The Hague: 1957) 2 vols

Walker, Janet A., "Poetic Ideal and Fictional Reality in the Izumi Shikibu nikki ," Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies 37 (June, 1977): 135-82



Literature

Primary Sources

Bownas, Geoffrey, and Anthony Thwaite, The Penguin Book of Japanese Verse (New York: Penguin Books, 1964)

Bowring, Richard, tr., Murasaki Shikibu: Her Diary and Poetic Memoirs, A Translation and Study (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1982)

Brewster, Jennifer, tr., The Emperor Horikawa Diary (Honolulu: The University Press of Hawaii, 1977)

Brower, Robert H. and Earl Miner, Fujiwara Teika's Superior Poems of Our Time: A Thirteenth Century Poetic Treatise and Sequence (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1967)

Brower, Robert H. and Earl Miner, Japanese Court Poetry , (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1961)

Carter, Steven D., Traditional Japanese Poetry: An Anthology (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1991)

Cranston, Edwin A., "Atemiya: A Translation from the Utsubo monogatari ," Monumenta Nipponica 24 (1969)

Cranston, Edwin A., The Izumi Shikibu Diary (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1969)

Fischer, Felice, The Collected Poems of Ono no Komachi (Master's thesis, Columbia University, 1967)

Keene, Donald, ed, Anthology of Japanese Literature (Rutland, VT: Charles E. Tuttle, 1968)

LaFleur, William R., tr., Mirror for the Moon: A Selection of Poems by Saigyo (1118-1190) (New York: New Directions, 1978)

Levy, Ian H., tr., The Ten Thousand Leaves: A Translation of the Manyoshu (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1981)

McCullough, Helen Craig, tr., Brocade by Night (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1985)

McCullough, Helen Craig, tr., Classical Japanese Prose: An Anthology (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1990)

McCullough, Helen Craig, tr., Kokin wakasha: The First Imperial Anthology of Japanese Poetry (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1985)

McCullough, Helen Craig, tr.,Tales of Ise , (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1968)

McCullough, William H., and Helen Craig McCullough, A Tale of Flowering Fortunes: Annals of Japanese Aristocratic Life in the Heian Period 2 vols. (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1980)

Morris, Ivan, tr., The Pillow Book of Sei Shonagon (New York: Columbia University Press, 1967) 2 vols.

Reischauer, Edwin O., and Joseph Yamagiwa, Translations from Early Japanese Literuatre (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1951)

Rodd, Laurel Rasplica, Mary Catherine Henkenius, Kokinshu: A Collection of Poems Ancient and Modern (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1984)

Seidensticker, Edward G., tr., The Tale of Genji (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1991)

Tahara, Mildred, tr., Tales of Yamato (Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 1980)
Tsunoda, Rusaku, Wm. Theodore de Bary, and Donald Keene, Sources of Japanese Tradition (New York: Columbia University Press, 1958)

Uraki, Ziro, tr., The Tale of the Cavern (Tokyo: Shinozaki Shorin, 1984)
Whitehouse, Wilfrid, tr., The Tale of the Lady Ochikubo (Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1971)

Secondary Sources

Aston, W. G., A History of Japanese Literature (Rutland, VT: Charles E. Tuttle, 1972)

Cranston, Edwin A., "Izumi Shikibu," Kodansha Encyclopedia of Japan

Cranston, Edwin A., "Murasaki's Art of Fiction," Japan Quarterly 27 (1971): 207-13

Field, Norma, The Splendor of Longing in the Tale of Genji (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1987)

Fischer, Felice, Ono no Komachi: A Ninth Century Poetess of Heian Japan (Ann Arbor, MI: University Microfilms, 1972)

Hoff, Frank, Song, Dance, Storytelling: Aspects of the Performing Arts in Japan (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1978)

Kato, Shuichi, A History of Japanese Literature, Volume 1: The First Thousand Years (Tokyo: Kodansha, 1989)

Konishi, Jin'ichi, "Association and Progression: Principles of Integration in Anthologies and Sequences of Japanese Court Poetry, A.D. 900-1350," Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies , 21 (1958)
Konishi, Jin'ichi, A History of Japanese Literature, Volume 1: The Archaic and Ancient Ages , tr. Aileen Gatten and Nicholas Teele, ed. Earl Miner (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1984)

LaFleur, William R., "Saigyo and the Buddhist Value of Nature," History of Religions 13 (1973, 1974): 93-128, 227-248

Miner, Earl, Hiroko Odiri, and Robert E. Morrell, The Princeton Companion to Classical Japanese Literature (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1968)

Morris, Ivan, "Sei Shonagon's Poetic Catalogues," Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies 40 (1980):

Morris, Ivan, The World of the Shining Prince (Baltimore: Penguin Books, 1969)

Mulhern, Chieko I., ed., Japanese Women Writers: A Bio-critical Sourcebook (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1994)

Okada, Richard, Figures of Resistance: Language, Poetry and Narrating in "The Tale of Genji" and Other Mid-Heian Texts (Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 1991)

Pekarik, Andrew, ed., Ukifune: Love in the Tale of Genji (New York: Columbia University Press, 1982)

Putzar, Edward, Japanese Literature: A Historical Outline (Tuscon: University of Arizona Press, 1973)

Shirane, Haruo, The Bridge of Dreams: A Poetics of the Tale of Genji (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1987)
Stinchecum, Amanda Mayer, Narrative Voice in the Tale of Genji (Urbana, Ill: University of Illinois, 1985)
Vos, Frits, A Study of the Ise-monogatari (The Hague: 1957) 2 vols

Walker, Janet A., "Poetic Ideal and Fictional Reality in the Izumi Shikibu nikki ," Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies 37 (June, 1977): 135-82



Visual Arts and Architecture

Secondary Sources

Egami, Namio, The Beginnings of Japanese Art , tr. John Bester (New York: Weatherhill, 1973)

Frédéric, Louis, Japan: Art and Civilization (New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1969)

Ienaga, Saburo, Painting in the Yamato Style , tr. John M. Shields (New York: Weatherhill, 1973)

Ishida, Hisatoyo, Esoteric Buddhist Painting , tr. E. Dale Saunders (New York: Kodansha, 1987)

Kageyama, Haruki, The Arts of Shinto , tr. Christine Guth (New York: Weatherhill, 1973)Kidder, J. Edward, The Birth of Japanese Art (New York: Praeger, 1965)

Kidder, J. Edward, Early Japanese Art: The Great Tombs and Treasures (London: Thames and Hudson, 1964)

Kidder, J. Edward, Japanese Temples: Sculpture, Paintings, Gardens, and Architecture (Tokyo: Bijutsu Shuppan-sha, n.d.)

Kidder, J. Edward,.Masterpieces of Japanese Sculpture (Tokyo: Bujutsu Shuppan-sha, 1961)

Kidder, J. Edward,Prehistoric Japanese Arts: Jomon Pottery (Tokyo: Kodansha, 1968)

Mason, Penelope, History of Japanese Art (New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1993)

Nishi, Kazuo and Kazuo Hozumi, What is Japanese Architecture? , tr. H. Mack Horton (New York: Kodansha, 1985)

Ooka, Minoru, Temples of Nara and Their Art , tr. Dennis Lishka (New York: Weatherhill, 1973)

Paine, Robert Treat and Alexander Soper, The Art and Architecture of Japan (Baltimore: Penguin Books, 1981)

Rosenfield, John, Japanese Art of the Hiean Period: 794-1185 (New York: Asia Society, 1967)

Sawa, Takaaki, Art in Esoteric Buddhism , tr. Richard L. Gage (New York: Weatherhill, 1972)

Shimizu, Yoshiaki and John Rosenfield, Masters of Japanese Calligraphy: 8th-19th Centuries (New York: Asia Society Galleries and Japan House Gallery, 1984)

Suzuki, Kakichi, Early Buddhist Architecture in Japan , tr. Mary N. Parent and Nancy Shatzman Steinhardy (New York: Kodansha, 1980)

Tange, Kenzo and Noboro Kawazoe, Ise: Prototype of Japanese Architecture (Cambridge, Mass: MIT Press, 1965)

Watanabe, Yasutada, Shinto Art: Ise and Izumo Shrines , tr. Robert Ricketts (New York: Weatherhill, 1974)



Music

Secondary Sources

Harich-Schneider, Eta, A History of Japanese Music (London: Oxford University Press, 1973)

Harich-Schneider, Eta, "A Survey of the Remains of Japanese Court Music," Ethnos (1951)

Harich-Schneider, Eta, "Le Shomyo Bouddhique, Exercice de Méditation," Oriens Extremus (Wiesbaden: 1962)

Harich-Schneider, Eta, "The Earliest Sources of Chinese Music and their Survival in Japan," Monumenta Nipponica 11 (1955)

Harich-Schneider, Eta, "The Present Condition of Japanese Court Music," The Musical Quarterly 39 (1953)

Harich-Schneider, Eta, The Rhythmical Patterns in Gagaku and Bugaku (Leiden: Brill, 1954)

Hoff, Frank, Song, Dance, Storytelling: Aspects of the Performing Arts in Japan (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1978)

Kishibe, Shigeo, "The Origin of the Chinese pi'pa," TASJ , Series II.19 (1940): 259-304

Kishibe, Shigeo, "The Character of the Shih-pu-chih, the "Ten Kinds of Music," Toyo Ongaku Kenkyu 9 (1951):

Malm, W. P., Japanese Music and Musical Instruments (Tokyo: 1969)

Shigeo, Kishibe, The Traditional Music of Japan (Tokyo: Japan Cultural Society, 1969)

Sunaga, Katsumi, Japanese Music (Tokyo: 1936)

Tugi, Masataro, Gagaku: Court Music and Dance (New York: Weatherhill, 1971)



Language and Writing

Secondary Sources

Habein, Yaeko Sato, The History of the Japanese Written Language (Tokyo: University of Tokyo Press, 1984)

Hadamitzky, Wolfgang and Mark Spahn, Kanji and Kana (Rutland, VT: Charles E. Tuttle, 1981)

Heisig, James W., Remembering the Kanji (Tokyo: Japan Publications, 1977) 3 vols.

Hinds, J., ed., Perspectives on the Topicalization: The Case of Japanese 'Wa' (Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 1987)

Hisanosuke, Izui, "The Vocal System and Vocal Interchanges of Eighth-Century Japanese," Miscellanea Kiotiensia (1956): 989-1020

Ide, S., "Japanese Sociolinguistics: Politeness and Women's Language," Lingua 57 (1982): 357-86

Kuno, S., The Structure of the Japanese Language (Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 1973)

Li, C., ed., Subject and Topic (New York: Academic Press, 1976)

Martin, S. E., "Lexical Evidence Relating Japanese to Korean,"Language 42 (1966): 185-251

Martin, S. E., A Reference Grammar of Japanese (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1975)

Miller, Roy Andrew, The Japanese Language (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1967)

Miller, Roy Andrew, Japanese and Other Altaic Languages (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1971)

Miller, Roy Andrew, Nihongo: In Defence of Japanese (London: Athlone Press, 1986)

Miller, Roy Andrew, "Old Japanese Phonology and the Korean-Japanese Relationship,"Language 43 (1967): 278-302

Miller, Roy Andrew, Origins of the Japanese Language (Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1980)

Sanki, Ichikawa, "Foreign Influences in the Japanese Language," Western Influences in Modern Japan , ed. Inazo Nitobe (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1931): 141-180

Sansom, George, A Historical Grammar of Japanese (London: Oxford University Press, 1928)

Shibamoto, J., Japanese Women's Language (New York: Academic Press, 1985)



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1996, Richard Hooker
Updated 8-1-97