Ancient Japan Timeline Imagemap


Timeline


10,500-300 BCJomon Period
10,500-8000 BCIncipient Jomon
8000-5000 BCInitial Jomon
5000-2500 BCEarly Jomon
2500-1500 BCMiddle Jomon
1500-1000 BCLate Jomon
1000-300 BCFinalJomon
300 BC-300 ADYayoi Period
57 ADFirst mention of Japan in historical writing (Chinese history)
~250-260Founding of the Great Shrine of Ise
300-710Kufun or Yamato Period
552Introduction of Buddhism into Japan
552-645Asuka Period, named after the Asukadera temple in Asuka
592-628Empress Suiko; Prince Shotoku serves as regent
604The Seventeen Article Constitution of Prince Shotoku
645The Taika Reform
645-710Hakuho Period: begins after the Taika Reform
710-794Nara (or Tenpyo) Period
712Kojiki (Records of Ancient Matters), the first Japanese history
720Nihongi (Chronicles of Japan), the second Japanese history and major source of Shinto mythology
767-822Saicho
774-835Kukai
788Saicho founds the Enryaku-ji (temple) on Mt. Hiei
793-864Ennin, founder of Tendai Buddhism in Japan
794-1192Heian Period
794Capital of Japan moved to Heian-kyo
794-951Early Heian Period
806-809Final compilation of the Manyoshu (Ten Thousand Leaves Collection), the first collection of Japanese poetry
816Kukai founds the Koya-san monastery
838-847Journey of Ennin to China; on his return, he introduces Tendai Buddhism into Japan
903-972Kuya; introduced Amida Buddhism into Japan
909Taketori monogatari (Tale of the Bamboo Cutter); first Japanese monogatari , or long story
942-1017Genshin; established popularity of Pure Land Buddhism
951-1086Middle Heian Period
973-after 1013Murasaki Shikibu, author of Genji monogatari (The Tale of Genji) and the Murasaki Shikibu nikki (Murasaki Shikibu Diary)
994-996Sei Shonagon writes the first draft of Makura soshi (The Pillow Book)
Late 900'sRise of yamato-e , or secular painting on Japanese topics and landscapes
1001-1013Approximate dates for the composition of Genji monogatari (The Tale of Genji) by Murasaki Shikibu
1068-1072Reign of the Emperor Gosanjo, who broke the power of the Fujiwara family and developed the practice of insei , or "cloistered government by retired emperors"
1086-1185Late Heian (or Insei) Period
1156Taira Kiyomori seizes control of the civil government; beginning of the Heiji War
1185Defeat of the Taira; Minamoto Yoritomo seizes control of the government
1192Beginning of the Kamakura Shogunate
Ancient Japan


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1997, Richard Hooker
Updated 10-16-97