Civilizations in America

Tiahuanaco


   After the decline of the Chavín civilization in northern Peru, the Andean regions were dominated by local urban cultures. In the Middle Horizon period (600-1000 AD), a new culture, the Huari-Tiahuanaco dominated the region and enforced cultural conformity. The culture centered around Tiahuanaco near Lake Titicaca. The Huari-Tiahuanaco culture built massive architectural works with giant stones cut with extreme precision. Scholars believe that the architecture and the social and political structure of the Incas ultimately derive from Huari-Tiahuanaco.

   After the decline of the Huari-Tiahuanaco culture, the northern area of Peru was dominated by the Chimmu empire during the Late Intermediate period (1000-1400 AD). The Chimmu produced many innovations in South American urban life: irrgation systems, canals, and highways, all of which would be adopted by the Incas when they ascended to regional dominance in the sixteenth century.

Richard Hooker



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1996, Richard Hooker
Updated 11-15-97