The First Intermediate Period: 2134-2040 BC

   After the magnificence and creative energy of the Old Kingdom, the Nile began to a series of poor floods which caused widespread hunger and death. All the administrative organization that held the country together during the Old Kingdom fell apart into chaos; the country splintered apart into dozens of chiefdoms. Each of these chiefs declared themselves king of all Egypt, but their claim was as ephemeral as the wind. The institution of the Egyptian king pretty much died out as local governors and officials associated themselves with their own region rather than with the king.


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The Middle Kingdom: 2040-1640 BC


Egypt
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1997, Richard Hooker
Updated 9-27-97