Timeline ©Richard Hooker, 1997

Egyptian Timeline

5000 BC
Earliest evidence of settled human habitation in the Nile delta
3800 BC
The beginnings of Nile culture
3100-2650 BC
Archaic Period
3100 BC
Earliest evidence of hieroglyphic writingin Egypt
3100 BC
The legendary king, Menes, unites the two kingdoms of Egypt
3000 BC
Earliest evidence of sun-worship in Egypt
2700-1640 BC
Pyramid-building period; largest pyramids built for Cheops, Chephren, and Mycerinus
2550-2490 BC
Building of the pyramid tombs for Khufu (Cheops) and Khephren (Chephren), the largest of the Egyptian pyramids
2650-2134 BC
Old Kingdom; beginning of the Third Dynasty
~2630 BC
Netcherike-Djoser, pharoah who built the the "Step" pyramid
2134-2040 BC
Collapse of the Sixth Dynasty and the Old Kingdom; beginning of the First Intermediate Period
2040-1640 BC
Middle Kingdom
1700 BC
Earliest evidence of diagnostic medicine in Egypt
1640-1550 BC
Collapse of the Middle Kingdom (1640 BC; beginning of the Second Intermediate Period
1550-1070 BC
New Kingdom; temple-building period in Egypt; the Temple of Karnak built and added to all through the New Kingdom period
~1500 BC
Earliest examples of the Book of the Dead
1380 BC
Building of the Temple of Luxor by Amenhotep III
1367-1350 BC
Reign of Amenhotep IV (Akhenaton), who abandoned Egyptian polytheism for a monotheistic religion
1347-1339 BC
Reign of Tutankhamon
1182-1151 BC
Reign of Ramses III; supposed period of Hebrew migration out of Egypt to Palestine
1070-712 BC
Collapse of New Kingdom (1070 BC; Third Intermediate Period
750 BC
Conquest of Egypt by Kush under Kashta and then Piankhy
712-332 BC
Late period
~670 BC
Formation of a new Kushite kingdom at Meroë
332 BC
Invasion of Egypt by Alexander the Great
332 BC-395 AD
Hellenistic-Roman Period
332-31 BC
Ptolemaic Egypt
285-246 BC
Reign of Ptolemy II Philadelphus, who commissioned the Greek translation of the Hebrew Torah, the Septuagint
~170 BC
Aristobolus, the first Jewish Greek philosopher, presents an explanation of Mosaic scripture to Ptolemy VI Philometor
51-30 BC
Reign of Cleopatra VII, last of the Ptolemaic monarchs of Egypt
31 BC
Battle of Actium; Cleopatra VII and Mark Antony defeated by Augustus Caesar
30 BC-395 AD
Conquest of Egypt by Augustus Caesar; Roman period
66 AD
Jewish riots against Rome in Egypt
395 AD
Roman Empire divided into two empires; Egypt controlled by Byzantium
395-641 AD
Byzantine period; Egyptian hieroglyphic writing falls out of use and soon becomes unintelligible
641 AD
Conquest of Egypt by the Muslim Arabs; Egypt becomes Islamic
1822 AD
Jean François Champollion deciphers the system of Egyptian hieroglyphic writing from the Rosetta Stone
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©1997, Richard Hooker
Updated 9-27-97