Islam






tawhid


Islam
The Qur'an
   Central to Islamic belief is the oneness or unity (in Arabic: tawhid) of Allah, or God; this is expressed in the basic statement of faith (the shahadah ): "There is no god but god." The basic teaching of Islam is that all religions at some level express this basic truth, but have been infected by some form of "associationism" (shirk ), the belief that there is some other thing as absolute as god, whether that other thing be another god or simply the self. Tawhid , the unity of God, means that God has no associates, no parents, and no children. The only guarantee of human salvation in the Qur'an is this knowledge, and affirmation, that there is no divinity but god.


Islam Glossary
Wahdat al-wujud
   Since the material world is Allah's creation, this means that the material world in some way reflects the intention or nature of Allah. The principle quality of God is unity, so it follows that the created world, the real world we live and experience, also comprises a unity. In Islamic thought, this idea is called "wahdat al-wujud," the "unity of the real," and underlies much of the Islamic world view.


Islam Glossary
Dhikr
   Perhaps the three most important terms to remember in order to understand Islam are these three: tawhid, the unity of god, wahdat al-wujud, the unity of the real, and dhikr, the requirement by Allah that humans continually remember their god and creator. Dhikr is, of course, the remembrance of tawhid , the unity of god. The ideal, of course, is a perpetual remembrance of God and God's unity in everything the believer does, thinks, and says.

Richard Hooker



World Cultures

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1995, Richard Hooker
Updated 1-16-98