Genesis

The Creation and Fall







The P CreationThe J Creation;
Adam and Eve
The FallCain and Abel
The Descendants
of Cain and Seth
Adam to NoahGenesis Contents in this Reader


The P Creation

Chapter 1: 1 In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth.
2 Now the earth was formless and empty, and darkness was over the deep, and God's spirit was hovering over the surface of the waters.
3 And God said, "Let there be light," and there was light.
4 And God saw that light was good, and God separated the light from the darkness.
5 And God called the light "day," and the darkness he called "night." And evening was and morning was: the first day.
6 And God said, "Let there be an expanse between the waters separating the waters from the waters."
7 And so God made the expanse, and he separated the waters beneath the expanse from the waters above the expanse. And it was so.
8 God called the expanse "heaven." And evening was and morning was: the second day.
9 And God said, "Let the waters beneath heaven be gathered into one place, and let dry ground appear." And so it was.
10 And God called the dry ground "land" 1 and the gathered waters he called "seas." And God saw that it was good.
11 Then God said, "Let the land produce vegetation: seed-bearing plants, and fruit trees bearing fruit with their proper seed inside, on the land." And so it was.
12 And the land produced vegetation: plants bearing the seed of their kind, and trees bearing fruit with their proper seed inside. And God saw that it was good.
13 And evening was and morning was: the third day.
14 And God said, "Let there be lights in the expanse of the heaven to separate the day from the night, and let them be as signs for the seasons and the days and the years.
15 And let there be lights in the expanse of heaven to give light to the earth." And so it was.
16 And God made the two great lights: the great light for governing the day, the lesser light for governing the night; [God made] the stars also.
17 And God set them in the expanse of the heaven to give light to the earth,
18 and to govern the day and the night and to separate the light from the darkness. And God saw that it was good.
19 And evening was and morning was: the fourth day.
20 And God said, "Let the waters teem with the breath of living creatures, and let birds fly above the land across the face of the expanse of heaven." And so it was.
21 And so God created the great sea-creatures and every breath of living, moving creature with which the waters teem, according to their proper kind, and every winged bird, according to their proper kind. And God saw that it was good.
22 And God blessed them, saying, "Be fruitful and increase, and fill the waters in the seas; and the birds let increase upon the earth."
23 And evening was and morning was: the fifth day.
24 And God said, "Let the land produce living creatures according to their proper kind: cattle, creatures that crawl on the ground, and wild animals, according to their proper kind." And so it was.
25 And God made the wild animals according the their proper kinds, and the cattle according to its proper kind, and every creature that crawls on the ground according to their proper kind. And God saw that it was good.
26 Then God said, "Let us make man in our own image, in our likeness, and let them reign over the fish of the sea, and the birds of air, and the cattle, and all the land, 2 and all the creatures that crawl upon the earth."
27 So God created man in the image of himself,
in the image of God he created him,
male and female he created them.
28 And God blessed them, and he said to them, "Be fruitful, and increase, and fill the earth and conquer it. And reign over the fish of the sea and over the birds of the air and over every living creature that moves on the earth."
29 Then God said, "See, I give you every seed-bearing plant on the face of the earth, and every tree that has fruit with seed inside it; for you they will be food.
30 And to every animal of the land and every bird of the air and every creature which crawls on the ground, every thing with the breath of life, [I give] every green plant for food." And so it was.
31 And God saw all that he had made, and it was very good. Evening was and morning was: the sixth day.

Chapter 2: 1 Thus heaven and earth were completed in all their vast array.
2 And God finished on the seventh day the work that he had been doing. So he rested on the seventh day from all the work that he had done.
3 And God blessed the seventh day and made it holy, because on that day he had rested from all the work of creation that he had done.
4 These were the origins of the heavens and the earth when they were created.

The J creation; Adam and Eve

The day Yahweh God made the earth and the heavens
5 no shrub of the field had yet appeared on the earth and no plant of the field had yet sprung; Yahweh God had not sent rain on the earth, and there was no man to work the ground.
6 but streams arose from the earth and watered the entire surface of the ground.
7 And Yahweh God formed man from the dust of the ground and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life, and man became a living being.
8 Now Yahweh God planted a garden in Eden in the east, and there he put the man he had formed.
9 And Yahweh God made every kind of tree grow from the ground, trees pleasant to the sight and good for food. And the tree of life and the tree of the knowledge of good and evil were in the middle of the garden.
10 And a river flowing from Eden watered the garden, and from there it divided and became four headstreams.
11 The name of the first is the Pishon, and it winds through the entire land of the Havilah where there is gold.
12 And the gold of that land is good; aromatic resin and onyx stone are also there.
13 And the name of the second river is the Gihon; it winds through all of the land of Cush.
14 And the name of the third river is the Tigris; it runs the east of Ashur. And the fourth river is the Euphrates.
15 And Yahweh God took the man and put him in the garden of Eden to work it and care for it.
16 And Yahweh God commanded the man, saying, "From any tree of the garden you may eat.
17 But from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil you must not eat, for on the day you eat of it you will die."
18 And Yahweh God said, "It is not good that the man is alone. I will make for him a suitable helper."
19 Now Yahweh God formed from the ground all the animals of the field and all the birds of the air and he brought them to the man to see what he would name them; and whatever the man named every living creature, that was its name.
20 So the man named all the cattle, and the birds of the air and every animal of the field. But for Adam he found no suitable helper.
21 So Yahweh God made the man fall into a deep sleep. And while he slept, he took one of the man's ribs and closed its place with flesh.
22 Then Yahweh God made a woman from the rib he had taken from the man, and he brought her to the man.
23 And the man said:
"This is now bone from my bone
and flesh from my flesh;
She shall be called woman,
for she was taken from man.
24 For this a man will leave his father and mother and will unite with to his wife, and they will become as one flesh."
25 And they were both naked, the man and his wife, but they felt no shame.

The Fall

Chapter 3: 1 Now the serpent was more crafty than all the animals of the field which Yahweh God had made, and it said to the woman, "Did God really say you were not to eat from any tree of the garden?"
2 And the woman said to the serpent, "We may eat the fruit of the trees in the garden. 3 But of the fruit of the tree in the middle of the garden God said, 'You must not eat from it and you must not touch it, or you will die.'"
4 And the serpent said to the woman, "You will not die!
5 for God knows that on the day you eat from it your eyes will he opened and you will be like God, knowing good and evil."
6 And the woman saw that the tree was good for food and pleasant to the eyes, and desired to gain knowledge. And she took some fruit and ate it, and she also gave some to her husband who was with her, and he ate it.
7 Then the eyes of both of them were opened and they realized that they were naked. And they sewed fig leaves together and made coverings for themselves.
8 Then the man and his wife heard the sound of Yahweh God walking in the garden in the cool of the day, and they hid from Yahweh God among the trees of the garden.
9 But Yahweh God called to the man and said to him, "Where are you?"
10 And he answered, "I heard the sound of you in the garden and I was afraid because I was naked, so I hid."
11 And he said, "Who told you that you were naked? Have you eaten from the tree I commanded you not to eat from?"
12 And the man said, "It was the woman you put with me; she gave to me from the tree and I ate."
13 And Yahweh God said to the woman, "What is this you have done?" And the woman said, "The serpent deceived me and I ate."
14 And Yahweh God said to the serpent, "Because you have done this,
"Be accursed above all cattle,
and all the animals of the field.
On your belly you will crawl and dust you will eat
all the days of your life.
15
And I will put enmity between you and the woman:
and between your offspring and her offspring.
He 3 will crush your head
and you will strike his heel."
16 To the woman he said:
"I will greatly increase your pains in childbirth;
in pain you will bear children.
Your desire shall be for your husband,
and he will rule over you."
17 And to Adam he said, "Because you listened to the voice of your wife and you ate from the tree I commanded, saying "you must not eat from it,"
"Cursed be the ground because of you.
With painful toil you will eat from it
all the days of your life.
18
It shall produce brambles and thistles for you,
and you shall eat wild plants.
19
By the sweat of your brow
will you eat food,
until you return to the ground,
since you were taken from it.
For dust you are
and to dust you will return."
20 And the man named his wife "Eve" because she would be the mother of all the living.
21 And Yahweh God made garments out of skins for the man and his wife, and he clothed them.
22 And Yahweh God said, "See! The man has become like one of us, knowing good and evil. And now he must be prevented from reaching out his hand and taking also from the tree of life and eating and so living forever."
23 So Yahweh God sent him from the garden of Eden, to work the ground from which he had been taken.
24 And he drove out the man, and he placed on the east side of the garden of Eden the cherubim and a flaming sword flashing around to guard the way to the tree of life.

Cain and Abel

Chapter 4: 1 And the man had knowledge of 4 Eve, and she conceived and gave birth to Cain. And she said, "I have brought forth a man with the help of Yahweh." 5
2 And she continued to bear his brother, Abel. Now Abel kept flocks and Cain worked the soil.
3 And in the course of days Cain brought some of the fruits of the soil as an offering for Yahweh,
4 but Abel brought the fatty portions from the first-born of his flock and some of their fat as well and Yahweh showed favor to Abel and his offering.
5 But on Cain and his offering he did not show favor, so Cain was very angry and his face was downcast.
6 Then Yahweh said to Cain, "Why are you angry and why is your face downcast?
7 If you do rightly, will you not be accepted? But if you do not do rightly, is not sin crouching at the door? It desires you, but you must master it."
8 Now Cain said to his brother Abel, "[Let us go into the field.]" And while they were in the field,Cain attacked his brother Abel and killed him.
9 And Yahweh said to Cain, "Where is your brother Abel?" And he replied, "I know not. Am I my brother's keeper?"
10 And he said, "What have you done? The voice of your brother's blood cries out to me from the ground.
11 Now you are cursed by the ground that has opened her mouth to receive your brother's blood from your hand.
12 When you work the ground she will no longer yield to you her crops. You will be restless and wandering over the earth."
13 And Cain said to Yahweh, "My punishment is greater than I can bear.
14 See! You drive me today from the face of the land, and from your presence I will be hidden, and I will be restless and wandering over the earth, and every one who finds me will kill me."
15 But Yahweh said to him, "Very well; 6 if anyone kills Cain, he will suffer vengeance seven times greater." Then Yahweh put a mark on Cain, so that anyone who found him would not kill him.
16 So Cain went out from the presence of Yahweh and he lived in the land of Nod, 7 east of Eden.

The descendants of Cain and Seth

17 Cain had knowledge of his wife, and she became pregnant and bore Enoch. Cain was then building a city, and he named the city after the name of his son, Enoch.
18 And to Enoch was born Irad, and Irad fathered Mehujael, and Mehujael fathered Methushael, and Methushael fathered Lamech.
19 Lamech married two women: the name of the first was Adah and the name of the second was Zillah
20 Adah bore Jabal: he was the father of all those who live in tents and raise livestock.
21 And the name of his brother was Jubal: he was the father of all those who play the harp and the flute.
22 And Zillah also bore Tubal-Cain who forged every kind of tool from bronze and iron. And the sister of Tubal-Cain was Naamah.
23 And Lamech said to his wives:
"Adah and Zillah, listen to my voice,
wives of Lamech, hear my word:
For I killed a man for wounding me,
a youth for injuring me.
24
If Cain is avenged seven times,
then Lamech [is avenged] seventy-seven times."
25 And Adam again had knowledge of his wife, and she bore a son and she called his name Seth, 8 "for God has granted me other offspring in place of Abel, since Cain killed him."
26 And to Seth was also born a son, and he called his name Enosh. Then he began to call on the name of Yahweh.

Adam to Noah

Chapter 5: 1 This is the account of Adam's lineage: On the day God created man, he made him in the likeness of God.
2 Male and female he created them, and he blessed them and he called their names "Man" 9 on the day they were created.
3 When Adam had lived a hundred and thirty years he fathered a son, in his likeness, in his image, and he called his name Seth.
4 And the days of Adam, after he fathered Seth, lasted eight hundred years and he fathered sons and daughters.
5 And all the days of Adam's life lasted nine hundred and thirty years; then he died.
6 When Seth had lived one hundred and five years he fathered Enosh.
7 And Seth lived, after he fathered Enosh, another eight hundred and seven years, and he fathered sons and daughters.
8 And all the days of Seth lasted nine hundred and twelve years; then he died.
9 And when Enosh had lived ninety years he fathered Kenan.
10 And Enosh lived, after he fathered Kenan, another eight hundred and fifteen years, and he fathered sons and daughters.
11 And all the days of Enosh lasted nine hundred and five years; then he died.
12 And when Kenan had lived seventy years he fathered Mahalalel.
13 And Kenan lived, after the birth of Mahalalel, another eight hundred and forty years, and he fathered sons and daughters.
14 And all the days of Kenan lasted nine hundred and ten years; then he died.
15 And when Mahalalel had lived sixty-five years he fathered Jared.
16 And Mahalalel lived, after the birth of Jared, another eight hundred and thirty years, and he fathered sons and daughters.
17 And all the days of Mahalalel lasted eight hundred and ninety-five years; then he died.
18 And when Jared had lived a hundred and sixty-two years he fathered Enoch.
19 And Jared lived, after the birth of Enoch, another eight hundred years, and he fathered sons and daughters.
20 And all the days of Jared lasted nine hundred and sixty-two years; then he died.
21 And when Enoch had lived sixty-five years he fathered Methuselah.
22 Enoch walked with God. And he lived, after the birth of Methuselah, another three hundred years and became the father of sons and daughters.
23 And all the days of Enoch lasted three hundred and sixty-five years.
24 Enoch walked with God. Then he vanished because God took him.
25 And when Methuselah had lived one hundred and eighty-seven years he fathered Lamech.
26 And Methuselah lived, after the birth of Lamech, another seven hundred and eighty-two years, and he fathered sons and daughters.
27 And all the days of Methuselah lasted nine hundred and sixty-nine years; then he died.
28 And when Lamech had lived one hundred and eighty-two years he fathered a son.
29 And he called his name Noah because "Here is one who will give us, in the midst of our toil and the labor of our hands, a consolation derived from the ground that Yahweh cursed."
30 And Lamech lived, after the birth of Noah, another five hundred and ninety-five years, and he fathered sons and daughters.
31 And all the days of Lamech lasted seven hundred and seventy-seven years; then he died.
32 And when Noah had lived five hundred years he fathered Shem, Ham and Japheth.
Chapter 6: 1 When men had began to increase over the earth, and daughters had been born to them,
2 the sons of God, looking at the daughters of men, saw they were pleasing, and they married as many as they chose.
3 And Yahweh said, "My spirit must not continually be disgraced in man, for he is but flesh; so his life will last no more than a hundred and twenty years."
4 And the Nephilim were on the earth at that time and even later when the sons of God took to the daughters of man, and fathered children by them. These are the heroes of past days, the famous men.

Translated from the Hebrew by Richard Hooker (1994)


ENDNOTES

1 Or "earth," but not in the sense of "the planet earth." The words "earth" and "land" in this translation are the same word.
2 In Hebrew. The Syriac version of Genesis reads: "and all the wild animals," which is adopted by most English translations.
3 Eve's offspring.
4 Had intercourse with.
5 "Cain" is derived from the Hebrew word, "to bring forth."
6 In the Greek and Latin translations, the Septuagint and the Vulgate, "Not so."
7 "Nod" is from the Hebrew word meaning "wandering."
8 "Seth" is related to the Hebrew word meaning, "he granted."
9 The Hebrew word is "adam."




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1996, Richard Hooker
Updated 2-17-97