Footnotes


4. This is nine o'clock at night; in medieval Christianity, the Sabbath began at nine o'clock P.M. on Saturday and ended at nine o'clock P.M. on Sunday; this is a holdover from Roman times where the end of a day (what we would call midnight) was determined by the sunset. What this means, then, is Ciappelletto is confessing to allowing his servant do work within minutes of the start of Sabbath, which, even then, most people didn't consider officially started until daybreak on Sunday morning.